Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Virginia Human Rights Act prohibit religious discrimination and harassment in the workplace. Religious discrimination can occur in many areas of employment, including hiring, firing, layoffs, compensation, benefits, job assignments, promotions, training, and other conditions of employment.
Religious harassment, such as a supervisor’s derogatory comments about one’s religion or religious practices, can also be illegal if the harassment is so frequent or severe that it creates an abusive work environment.
The law also requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for employees’ religious practices. These kinds of reasonable accommodations could include modifying work schedules, modifying job duties, allowing time off, and allowing religious garments or practices. However, an employer generally is not required to provide an accommodation if doing so would be overly difficult or costly for the employer.